There are two sub-types of SRHS:
- SRHS may be primary, possibly related to blunted central or peripheral chemo-responsiveness, or due to a congenital condition.
- SRHS may also be comorbid with certain medical conditions that cause the impairment of gas exchange, such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and emphysema; depression of the central respiratory drive (e.g., opioid-induced); or other neurologic, neuromuscular, or chest wall disorders or abnormalities that impair a person’s ability to breathe.1
- Thorpy M, “Classification of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders,” in Kryger M, Roth T, Dement W (ed.), Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine (5th Edition), St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders, 2011, pages 680-693.