Nightmare disorder can be precipitated by both medical (such as Parkinson’s Disease, migraines, or nocturnal partial complex seizures) and psychiatric disorders (such as depression and anxiety). Nightmare disorder can also be caused by several medications, including anti-hypertensives, antidepressants, and antihistamines1.
Recurrent nightmares are the most common symptom of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
- Pagel JF, Helfter P. Drug induced nightmares-an etiology based review. Human Psychopharmacology. 2003;18:59-67.